1) Listen to the Megillah
To relive the miraculous events of Purim, listen to the reading of the megillah (the Scroll of Esther
) twice: once on Purim eve and again on Purim day.
To properly fulfill the mitzvah, it is crucial to hear every single word of the megillah.
At certain points in the reading where Haman’s name is mentioned, it is customary to twirl graggers (Purim noisemakers) and stamp one’s feet to “eradicate” his evil name.
2) Give to the Needy (Matanot La’Evyonim)
Give charity to at least two (but preferably more) needy individuals on Purim day.
The mitzvah is best fulfilled by giving directly to the needy. If, however, you cannot find poor people, place at least two coins into a charity box. As with the other mitzvahs of Purim, even small children should be taught to fulfill this mitzvah.
3) Send Food Portions to Friends (Mishloach Manot)
On Purim day send a gift of at least two kinds of ready-to-eat foods (e.g., pastry, fruit, beverage) to at least one friend. Men should send to men, and women to women.
4) Eat, Drink and Be Merry
Purim should be celebrated with a special festive meal on Purim day, at which family and friends gather together to rejoice in the Purim spirit. It is a mitzvah to drink wine or other inebriating
drinks at this meal.